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Jul 2 2021

ABA Strategies You Can Practice From Home


"What can I use to motivate my child?" "How will I be able to teach my kid simple daily chores like washing their hands or tying their shoes?" "How can I help my child, and help myself, as best as possible?" These are a few of the common questions most parents struggle with when they have a child with Austism Spectrum Complex and are in desperate need of ABA therapy for them. By learning some behavioral management strategies, you can begin to train and help your child more effectively with your own personal lesson plan for ABA therapy.

Category: ABA Therapy
Posted by: Alejandro Hernandez BCBA

Are you a parent with a child who is showing signs of, or has been diagnosed with being on the autism spectrum? If that fits your parent profile and you are looking for affordable at-home solutions to help your child with ABA therapy, then this is exactly what you need. Ask yourself this: Have you ever held the questions such as “What can I use to motivate my child?” “How will I be able to teach my kid simple daily chores like washing their hands or tying their shoes?” “How can I help my child, and help myself, as best as possible?” These are a few of the common questions most parents struggle with when they have a child with Autism Spectrum Complex and are in desperate need of ABA therapy for them. By learning some behavioral management strategies, you can begin to train and help your child more effectively with your own personal lesson plan for ABA therapy.

Coupling

If your child is struggling in school, either because they don’t like the teacher or other students, or simply the plain fact that they have to go every day, then you can help them succeed with the practice of pairing. Pairing is a method of coupling an idea with an actual person or place or thing. For example, teach could be paired with the word “smart”, or classmate can be paired with the feeling of “respect”, and so on and so forth. This method works well, although will require patience on the parents behalf. This will also help the parent understand the certain ideas and feelings that motivate their child.

Increase Positive Behaviors

Let’s say your child does something great, like takes the trash out on their own. How do you, as a parent, continue this positive behavior? One method is a judicious use of reward economy. By reinforcing this excellent behavior with, say, a point system for an allowance, or, healthy tasty treats, you are encouraging your kid to repeat this action. Positive reinforcement work so well, they are the most widely used strategy to increase the rate of a certain behavior.

Decrease Negative Behaviors

This, typically, is done following an ABA method entitled Behavioral Shaping. Behavioral Shaping is a process that follows three main features:

a) Differential Reinforcement – while some behaviors are met with rewards, others, sternly, are not

b) Successive Approximations – as the child shows behavior closer and closer to target behavior, reward them to lead them to your desired final goal

c) Final or Target Behavior – the child acts and responds accordingly to your interests

Error Free Teaching

This style of teaching is designed to minimize errors in doing certain activities, and, or, certain behaviors. The goal with this method of teaching is to highlight and reinforce certain behaviors gradually through the use of prompts and prompting, then gradually using less and less prompts and prompting until the behavior is achieved completely on their own. The method goes as follows: Once a presentation of an instruction is given, immediately there must follow a prompt – i.e. the practice of using prompts. After the instruction is given, like “how to be nice and share toys” the parent then “prompts” the child by nicely giving someone else a fun thing to play with. More and more, however, you want to have to show the child less and less of you acting out the prompt. This error free style of teaching helps the child instill certain behaviors gradually, yet surely.

Reinforcements

Over time you will see which things motivates your child through behavior change. For some, it is extra time to play; for others, maybe it is an extra cookie for dessert. But will begin to see what your child enjoys most, and you can use that as a motivator to teach certain behaviors. The only requisite to the effective utilization of reinforcements is they are strong enough to make your kid respond to a request.

ABA therapy is a fantastic way to coping with changing behavior. Not only does it continue to reinforce positive habits in your child, but it will strengthen the bond between you and them as well. At home ABA therapy is gaining more exposure and more parents are implementing at home strategies and techniques. Studies are proving that by doing this children are indeed learning and experiencing positive behavioral changes at a faster pace than traditional, counselor only, approaches. By doing and following the strategies listed above, you will significantly improve motivating your child and shaping their behavior.

If you ask the common parent what they want for their child, most times you will hear the heartfelt response “I just want them to be happy.” Well, truth is, not being able to communicate with drive happiness underground. You can preserve the livelihood and jubilant nature of your kid by assessing accurately what motivates them, and then using judicious economy to use such information as moving motivators. ABA therapy at home is the answer to helping your child, and yourself, deal with the complexities of autism spectrum complex.

Here’s a succinct recap of the listed points above: Coupling can be used to help your child associate certain people or places with fun and good thoughts. For example, it would be wise to instill ‘respect’ of other classmates, or to view the teacher as ‘smart’, or to think of ‘love’ when you think of family. This way the child will hold positive, encouraging thoughts, and not distant, angry ideas. Furthermore, once you understand what motivates your child, use this as positive reinforcement. When a good behavior is shown, reward them accordingly; when a negative behavior is demonstrated, don’t reward them at all. This way, you can help!

 

 
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